Windows: Show Routing Table – Route Print

Each IP packet contains information about its origin and destination.

A routing table contains the information necessary to forward an IP packet along the best path toward its destination.

In this note i will show how to display the routing table in Windows using the route print command.

Cool Tip: Check if TCP port is opened in PowerShell! Read more →

Show Routing Table in Windows

To display the routing table in Windows, use the route command with the print option.

Display all routing tables:

C:\> route print

Print IPv4 routing table:

C:\> route print -4

Print IPv6 routing table:

C:\> route print -6

Show only the network destinations that match 192*:

C:\> route print 198*

Example of the routing table in Windows:

IPv4 Route Table
==================================================================================
Active Routes:
Network Destination            Netmask          Gateway        Interface    Metric
            0.0.0.0            0.0.0.0      192.168.1.1     192.168.1.31        50
          127.0.0.0          255.0.0.0          On-link        127.0.0.1       331
          127.0.0.1    255.255.255.255          On-link        127.0.0.1       331
        192.168.1.0      255.255.255.0          On-link     192.168.1.31       306
       192.168.1.31    255.255.255.255          On-link     192.168.1.31       306 
Column Description
Network Destination & Netmask Specifies the pattern that a request must match with its destination address (IP address or CIDR range).
Gateway Specifies where to route a request i.e. the next hop to which the packet is to be sent on the way to its final destination.
Interface Indicates a local interface that is responsible for reaching the gateway.
Metric Indicates the associated cost of using the indicated route (“distance” to the target). In case of multiple feasible routes, the traffic will go through the gateway with the lowest metric.

On-link in the “Gateway” column means that the destination network is directly attached to the interface i.e. the NIC is in direct contact with the destination
network – on the same subnet.

The traffic that matches such route entry will trigger an ARP request on the interface to resolve the destination IP address directly i.e. find out a MAC-address of the target device (without contacting the gateway).

Cool Tip: How to show an ARP table and clear its cache in Windows! Read more →