If you have forgotten a local user password in Windows but you can still log in to the computer with PIN, picture password or another administrator account, you can easily reset the forgotten password from a command-line prompt (CMD) or using a PowerShell. In this note i will show how to change the forgotten local […]
In Windows, a Local User is the user created in the local system, whose username and password are stored on the computer itself. A Domain User is one whose username and password are stored on a domain controller (e.g. Active Directory) rather than the computer the user is logging into. In this note i will […]
The easiest way to run a batch file on a system startup is to place it in the Windows “Startup” folder or drop there a shortcut. Programs placed in this folder are meant to run automatically whenever the computer boots up. In this note i will show how to run a batch file on a […]
In Windows you can run any program with the .exe extention from a batch file that is very useful in different automation scenarios. For example, you may want to create a batch file to use it as a launcher for the program that you want to execute with some parameters. In this note i am […]
A router is a device that communicates between the Internet (or public network) and the devices in a local network (or private network). A typical home router, that usually acts as a default gateway for the local devices, can be configured using a web-based configuration page that can be accessed from a web-browser if you […]
An ARP (Address Resolution Protocol) is a communication protocol that works on a “Physical (Data-Link)” layer of a TCP/IP stack and is used to discover a MAC address of a device on a LAN (local-area network) based on its IP address. An ARP table is used to store the discovered pairs of the MAC and […]
Each IP packet contains information about its origin and destination. A routing table contains the information necessary to forward an IP packet along the best path toward its destination. In this note i will show how to display the routing table in Windows using the route print command.
You may wonder how to find out what proxy server you are using on a Windows machine. Proxy settings in Windows can be configured system-wide (for all users of the same computer) or per-user. In this note i will show how to display system-wide and user-specific proxy settings in Windows from the command-line (CMD) and […]
By default the startup directory where you appear when you launch Git Bash is /, that is the installation folder of Git Bash. If you need to find out the path to /, you can run this command: $ explorer . It opens the current directory in the File Explorer so you will see the […]
The Home (~) directory in Git Bash can be changed by setting the user-level %HOME% environment variable in Windows. This is quite safe as the %HOME% environment variable is not normally set for Windows applications, so creating it shouldn’t affect anything else. Moreover, setting the user-level environment variable in Windows doesn’t require admin rights.