HowTo: Count Number of Files in a Directory

Here are the best ways of finding and counting the number of files or folders in a particular directory.

Count the number of files in a current directory

Using “ls” command:

This method is the best, if you need to count a large number of files.

$ ls -f . | wc -l

This command also enables -a option, so . , .. and other files starting with . , will be counted.

Using “find” command:

$ find . -type f  -maxdepth 1 | wc -l

Count the number of files recursively

The following command recursively counts the number of files in a current directory and all its sub-directories:

$ find . -type f | wc -l

Count the number of folders recursively

The following command recursively counts the number of folders in a current directory and all its sub-directories:

$ find . -type d | wc -l

Count the number of files by “file type”

The following command recursively counts the number of files, with “.txt” extension, in a current directory and all its sub-directories:

$ find . -type f -name "*.txt" | wc -l